Blood disorders will have an effect on any of the 3 main parts of blood:
- Red blood cells, that carry oxygen(O2) to the body’s tissues
- White blood cells which fight infections
- Platelets help the blood clot
Blood disorders may also have an effect on the liquid portion of blood, known as plasma.
A blood disease’s treatment and prognosis vary depending on its severity and type.
What Are the Benefits of Being Aware of Blood Conditions?
Blood problems can have a serious impact on your health. This is why you should be aware of common blood conditions.
Blood conditions and blood cancers can affect people in many ways. Among the most common blood disorders include anemia, cancers such as lymphoma, leukemia, and myeloma, and bleeding disorders such as blood clots, and hemophilia.
When you suspect you have a blood condition, you should consult your doctor. You may need to see a hematology specialist if you have a blood disorder.
Risk Factors of Blood Disorder
Many possible symptoms can indicate a blood disorder. The medical history of a person can also indicate risk factors. Among them are:
- Family members with blood disorders
- A blood disorder may also be caused by kidney or liver disease
- A bleeding-causing drug (such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, aspirin, or warfarin)
- Blood clots or damage to bone marrow after exposure (for example, incidental exposure at work) to a chemical.
Symptoms of Blood Disorders
The symptoms of blood disorders will vary based on the type. The following symptoms can be associated with red blood cell disorders:
- Muscle weakness
- The brain does not receive enough oxygen due to lack of oxygen
- Shortness of breath
- Fast heartbeat
Common few symptoms of white blood cell disorders are:
- Feeling unwell, or malaise
- Unexplained weight loss
- Chronic infections
Some Common signs & symptoms of platelet disorders are:
- Unhealed or slow-healing cuts or sores
- An unexplained nosebleed or gum bleeding
- Bruised skin
- A cut or injury that does not clot
A blood cell disorder can have a significant effect on your health in many ways.
Causes of Blood disorders
It is common for blood disorders to cause a decrease in proteins, platelets, cells, or nutrients in your blood, or affect their functioning. It is possible to pass on disorders through the inheritance of mutations in parts of specific genes.
Blood disorders can also be caused by medications, medical conditions, and lifestyle factors.
Treatment and Diagnosis of Blood Disorder
In order to diagnose leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma, a doctor usually uses the following methods:
- The results of the medical exam and medical history
- Urine tests
- Blood tests
- Biopsy and aspiration of bone marrow
- Spinal fluid is collected for examination via lumbar puncture (spinal tap)
- A variety of imaging tests, including CT scans, X-rays, MRIs, PET scans, and ultrasounds.
Visit the best hematology hospital in order to give the proper and best treatment to cure blood cell disorders.
Cancer of the blood cells that have not yet caused symptoms may not require treatment beyond monitoring. Blood cancer patients usually receive a mixture of treatment options, including:
- radiation therapy
The red blood cells, white blood cells, and plasma can all be affected by different blood disorders.
A person with this disorder may experience different symptoms, but generally speaking, they feel unwell without an apparent cause, are exhausted without explanation, and lose weight without explanation.
Cancer patients may receive chemotherapy or radiation therapy, depending on their type and severity of illness.