Low Estrogen In Women: Its Major Symptoms And Effective Treatment

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Estrogen is among one of the prime sex hormones every woman body has. It is highly responsible for developing the female physical feature along with reproductive characteristics. Though men have Estrogen too however it is relatively smaller in comparison to that of the women body. 

Imbalances or lowering down of the Estrogen level can affect the overall health of the women greatly. Learn from this blog what are its symptoms and how to stay prevented with the right options of treatment. 

Importance of Estrogen level in women

Estrogen is the hormone actually present in the body of every woman in smaller amount. Being in small quantity, it has the bigger role to play in improving the overall health of the women. In contrary to men, women secrete Estrogen in higher levels. It is highly responsible for 

  • Regulating insulin sensitivity, glucose metabolism, body weight and food intake
  • Cholesterol metabolism and bone health
  • Breast changes in teens and pregnant women
  • Regulates the uterine lining growth at the time of menstrual cycle and during first trimester
  • For the sexual development is girls once they reach puberty

Symptoms of low Estrogen level

Girls who don’t reach the age of puberty and women close to menopausal period are likely to encounter the issue of lower Estrogen. 

Regular symptoms of low level of Estrogen are given in the following:

  • Fatigue
  • Trouble in concentration
  • Depression
  • Accentuation of existing migraines or headaches
  • Breast tenderness
  • Hot flashes
  • Mood Swings
  • Absent or irregular periods
  • Increasing in UTIs (Urinary Tract Infections) because of urethra thinning
  • Because of vaginal lubrication lack you may experience painful sex

This also results in breaking or fracturing of the bones easily as it deteriorates the bone density. Estrogen performs with the cooperation of other minerals along with vitamin D and calcium to retain the bone strength. If it is left untreated, it can be the prime cause of infertility in women as well.  

Main culprits of low Estrogen

Estrogen mainly secretes in the ovaries. If anything happens to ovaries it will definitely affect the production of Estrogen.

Low level of Estrogen is generally experienced by women because of:

  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Turner syndrome
  • Low-functioning Pituitary Gland
  • Eating disorders like anorexia
  • Excessive exercise 
  • Prematured ovarian failure resulted from autoimmune condition, toxins and genetic defects

After 40 years of age, lower level of Estrogen is considered as common due to the approach of Menopause, also known as perimenopause. During this time, ovaries will secrete Estrogen but the rate will progressively decline till you enter the menopausal phase. 

Potential risk factors of low Estrogen

The most usual risk factors of lower Estrogen level are mentioned below:

  • Excessive exercising
  • Extreme dieting
  • Eating disorders
  • Pituitary gland issues
  • Family medical background with hormonal issues like ovarian cysts
  • Age as ovary secretes less Estrogen with time

Diagnosing processes of low Estrogen

Proper diagnosing of lower Estrogen level on time helps a woman to stay prevented from many diseases by obtaining right treatment on time. If you are facing lower Estrogen symptoms then you should discuss with your doctor. Early diagnosis followed by administration of proper treatment help in the prevention of additional health complications. 

At the time of appointment, you have to share the medical history of your family for better assessment of the problem. May be you are advised to perform blood test in London for measuring the hormonal levels.  

The estradiol and estrone level will be checked if you are encountering: 

  • Frequent Missed Periods (Amenorrhea)
  • Insomnia
  • Night Sweats
  • Hot Flashes   

For some complicated cases, doctor can suggest for a brain scan for determining any abnormalities that affect your endocrine system. DNA system can also be prescribed for identifying the issue related to the endocrine system. 

Treatment options of low Estrogen

Women with low level of Estrogen level can get benefits from the following hormonal treatment options:  

Estrogen Therapy

Women aged between 25 and 50 who are experiencing deficiency of Estrogen in the body prescribed with high dose of administration of the hormone. It alleviates the chance of hormonal imbalances complications along with cardiovascular diseases and bone loss.  

Depending on the intensity of the medical issue, the application method and the appropriate dose of the administration of Estrogen is determined. It is basically done with the help of

  • Vaginally
  • Topically 
  • Via injection
  • Orally  

For some complicated cases, treatment period may take a long period of time to fulfil the deficit level. At that time, lower dose of Estrogen is administered in long-term to sustain the normal level of this hormone. The menopausal symptoms and its impact can be greatly eased with this therapy and it reduces the probability of bone fractures. 

But long-term Estrogen therapy is ideally suggested for the women who are closed to menopausal period and have hysterectomy. Otherwise, its administration is only advised for a maximum period of 2 years. It is so; because it has the potential to heighten the risk of development of cancer. 

Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)

HRT is the procedure used in augmenting the natural hormone level of the body. It is widely recommended to the women as they proceed towards menopausal period. Menopause significantly lowers down the level of progesterone and estrogen. This procedure helps in keeping the actual balance of these hormonal levels.  

Hormones are administered by the following methods in this therapy: 

  • Via injection
  • Vaginally
  • Orally
  • Topically 

This treatment is fully adjustable in terms of hormone combination, length and dosage. Even while undergoing this treatment you are highly susceptible to cardiovascular diseases. It also increases the risk of breast cancer, stroke and blot clotting at the same time.

Are weight gain and low Estrogen level interlinked?

As the sex hormone, Estrogen influences the fat amount in a body by regulating the lipid metabolism and glucose. Hence, lower Estrogen level can help you gain some extra pounds. According to some researchers, women become overweight after menopause due to this. 

As a result, it heightens the risk of certain diseases like cardiovascular complication, diabetes and obesity. You are advised to discuss with your doctor if your body weight is greatly affected due to lower level of Estrogen.  

Certain hormones including Estrogen have an integral role to play for promoting your overall health. Several medical conditions, genetic defects and family background with hormonal imbalances lowers down the Estrogen level. And this reduced level can interfere with the sexual functions and development as well. Even it can trigger the risk of certain health complications too along with osteoporosis. 

So, you are advised to visit the clinic at harley street for blood test to know the level of Estrogen in your body. Its treatments have been evolved a few years back but are more efficient. Your doctor will identify the exact cause of lowering down of the Estrogen level and offer you with the right treatment. 

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About the Author: Peter Beaumont

Peter Beaumont is a senior reporter on the Guardian's Global Development desk. He has reported extensively from conflict zones including Africa, the Balkans and the Middle East and is the author of The Secret Life of War: Journeys Through Modern Conflict. Email: peter@thehearus.com